Dog Nutrition by Size


It’s not just thetype of food your dog consumes that can have an impact on its health. The quantity matters, too. What’s more, every dog is different, and certain conditions and lifestyle factors will determine what types, and quantities, of food your dog needs.

One of the biggest factors in determining how to structure a diet for your dog is its size, so read on to find how to craft the perfect diet for small, medium, and large dogs.

Nutrition for Small Dogs

Any dog needs the right balance of the five nutrient groups, which are proteins, fats, oils, minerals, vitamins, and carbohydrates. Smaller breeds have higher metabolic rates. That means they’ll burn energy quicker. That’s exactly why it’s advised to feed them little and often. If treats are part of their diet, it’s always worth remembering that with any sized dog, treats should only make up around 10% of their intake.

If you did some mathematical workings, you’d find that your small dog needs more calories per kilo body weight than a bigger dog. In some ways, their feeding regime should be more like that of a puppy. With smaller stomachs and a body that burns calories quicker, little, regular, calorie-rich food is usually best.

So when feeding your smaller dog, you should be looking for a dog food that has smaller sized biscuits for those little mouths, and that are specifically developed to be high-energy for smaller dogs metabolisms. Your choice will come down to specific dietary requirements, and preferences, such as dry or wet food, and if you’re struggling to find a small breed dog food in the shops for any reason, puppy food can be used as an alternative.

Nutrition for Medium Dogs

Medium sized dogs can be a tricky one to work out. As far as dog nutrition goes,it will really come down to their lifestyle and breed. If they are a sporty, active dog, you may need to go for something that has a higher protein and fat content, as they aredesigned to help the muscles recover after exercising, as well as providing enough energy to keep your active dog going.

These days, lifestyles of even energetic medium sized dogs tendsto be more sedentary than the working dogs of years gone by, which can lead to an overweight dog if you’re not careful. The balancing act comes in the actual science part of medium dog nutrition. Quite simply, they need food with a slightly higher nutritional value than larger breeds, but not as much as a small breed. Specific formulas likeBETA Medium Adult and BETA Working Dogcan be the perfect match.

Nutrition for Large Dogs

So, when it comes to your large breed dog, you could say that it’s a simple equation. Larger breed dogs have a slower metabolic rate, so they will need less calorie-dense food.

When looking at large breed puppy nutrition, one of the key things to consider are the higher risk of conditions like hip dysplasia during puppyhood as they grow.Large breed puppies also quite often tend to gobble their food at a fast rate. These considerations mean that specific nutrients are needed to help larger dogs from infancy and beyond to get the right vitamins and to help control weight gain.

Large biscuits are oneway to help bigger dogs slow down at mealtimes, and there are also some great feeding options such as Kongs, slow eating food bowls, or you could just scatter their biscuits around, so your dog has to sniff and search for them. Similarly, you’ll find that a good large breed dog food has the right balance of vitamins like calcium and phosphorus, to help strengthen their bones.